Updated – 21/04/2023 – The exam study guide below includes a new Free practice assessment for the AZ-900 certification.
Table of Contents
After passing the Microsoft Azure Solutions Experts exam as well as the Azure Developer Associate exam, and the Microsoft Azure Administrator Certification. I decided to sit for the Microsoft Azure Fundamentals exam. It sounds tedious to pass a fundamental exam, but as techie people, we usually work on complex projects, we design and architect large deployments but sometimes we missed some of the fundamental concepts. For this reason, I decided to refresh the fundamental concepts that I learned over the years because the cloud it’s about continuous re-learning. This will also help when discussing with non-technical customers such as people with business decision-makers and top management roles.
As you may have heard that Microsoft is evolving its learning programs to help you and your career keep pace with today’s demanding IT environments. At Ignite in September 2018, Microsoft announced new role-based certifications to help you and your career keep pace with today’s business requirements. They are evolving their learning program to better offer what you need to skill up, prove your expertise to employers and peers, and get the recognition—and opportunities—you’ve earned. On December 31, 2018, Microsoft announced the new AZ-900: Azure Fundamentals exam.
I am so happy and grateful now that I passed the AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Certification exam. I figured that I would share my experience in this study guide to help you prepare and tackle the AZ-900 exam successfully.
In this exam, I got something around 48 questions, and the total time for this exam is only 60 minutes. You have around 1.2 minutes per question to answer, otherwise, you will run out of time so be careful!!! The questions do pretty much match the list of skills measured below.
Exam Target Audience
This exam can be taken as an optional first step in learning about cloud services and how those concepts are exemplified by Microsoft Azure. It can be taken as a precursor to Microsoft Azure or Microsoft cloud services exams. While it would be a beneficial first step, validating foundational level knowledge, taking this exam is not a prerequisite for any other Azure-based certifications.
This exam is designed for candidates looking to demonstrate foundational level knowledge of cloud services and how those services are provided with Microsoft Azure. The exam is intended for candidates with non-technical backgrounds, such as those involved in selling or purchasing cloud-based solutions and services or who have some involvement with cloud-based solutions and services, as well as those with a technical background who have a need to validate their foundational-level knowledge around cloud services. Technical IT experience is not required; however, some general IT knowledge or experience would be beneficial.
Skills measured on this exam
This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical topics listed below based on the latest update from Microsoft:
Describe cloud concepts (25–30%)
Describe cloud computing
- Define cloud computing
- Describe the shared responsibility model
- Define cloud models, including public, private, and hybrid
- Identify appropriate use cases for each cloud model
- Describe the consumption-based model
- Compare cloud pricing models
Describe the benefits of using cloud services
- Describe the benefits of high availability and scalability in the cloud
- Describe the benefits of reliability and predictability in the cloud
- Describe the benefits of security and governance in the cloud
- Describe the benefits of manageability in the cloud
Describe cloud service types
- Describe infrastructure as a service (IaaS)
- Describe platform as a service (PaaS)
- Describe software as a service (SaaS)
- Identify appropriate use cases for each cloud service (IaaS, PaaS, SaaS)
Describe Azure architecture and services (35–40%)
Describe the core architectural components of Azure
- Describe Azure regions, region pairs, and sovereign regions
- Describe availability zones
- Describe Azure datacenters
- Describe Azure resources and resource groups
- Describe subscriptions
- Describe management groups
- Describe the hierarchy of resource groups, subscriptions, and management groups
Describe Azure compute and networking services
- Compare compute types, including container instances, virtual machines (VMs), and functions
- Describe VM options, including Azure Virtual Machines, Azure Virtual Machine Scale Sets, availability sets, and Azure Virtual Desktop
- Describe resources required for virtual machines
- Describe application hosting options, including the Web Apps feature of Azure App Service, containers, and virtual machines
- Describe virtual networking, including the purpose of Azure Virtual Networks, Azure virtual subnets, peering, Azure DNS, Azure VPN Gateway, and Azure ExpressRoute
- Define public and private endpoints
Describe Azure storage services
- Compare Azure storage services
- Describe storage tiers
- Describe redundancy options
- Describe storage account options and storage types
- Identify options for moving files, including AzCopy, Azure Storage Explorer, and Azure File Sync
- Describe migration options, including Azure Migrate and Azure Data Box
Describe Azure identity, access, and security
- Describe directory services in Azure, including Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD), part of Microsoft Entra, and Azure Active Directory Domain Services (Azure AD DS)
- Describe authentication methods in Azure, including single sign-on (SSO), multifactor authentication, and passwordless
- Describe external identities and guest access in Azure
- Describe Conditional Access in Microsoft Azure Active Directory (Azure AD), part of Microsoft Entra
- Describe Azure role-based access control (RBAC)
- Describe the concept of Zero Trust
- Describe the purpose of the defense in-depth model
- Describe the purpose of Microsoft Defender for Cloud
Describe Azure management and governance (30–35%)
Describe cost management in Azure
- Describe factors that can affect costs in Azure
- Compare the Pricing calculator and the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) calculator
- Describe the Azure Cost Management and Billing tool
- Describe the purpose of tags
Describe features and tools in Azure for governance and compliance
- Describe the purpose of Azure Blueprints
- Describe the purpose of Azure Policy
- Describe the purpose of resource locks
- Describe the purpose of the Service Trust Portal
Describe features and tools for managing and deploying Azure resources
- Describe the Azure portal
- Describe Azure Cloud Shell, including Azure CLI and Azure PowerShell
- Describe the purpose of Azure Arc
- Describe Azure Resource Manager and Azure Resource Manager templates (ARM templates)
Describe monitoring tools in Azure
- Describe the purpose of Azure Advisor
- Describe Azure Service Health
- Describe Azure Monitor, including Log Analytics, Azure Monitor alerts, and Application Insights
Lessons Learned and Exam Preparation
The key to success in passing this exam is to work with Microsoft Azure on regular basis. You can create your free Azure account today and start practicing the new features.
- Cloud Concepts – Principles of cloud computing
- Create an Azure account
- Core Cloud Services – Introduction to Azure
- Core Cloud Services – Azure architecture and service guarantees
- Core Cloud Services – Manage services with the Azure Portal
- Core Cloud Services – Azure compute options
- Core Cloud Services – Azure data storage options
- Core Cloud Services – Azure networking options
- Security, responsibility, and Trust in Azure
- Apply and monitor infrastructure standards with Azure Policy
- Control and organize Azure resources with Azure Resource Manager
- Predict costs and optimize spending for Azure
You can also go through the following presentation which can help you to build your foundational knowledge of cloud services.
At the time of this writing If you prefer a book to prepare, Microsoft has released an Exam Reference book (1st Edition) which was released in June 2019, you can place the order here.
You can go through the following free Azure Fundamentals course from Microsoft to get prepared for this exam:
Last but not least, you can practice and test your knowledge before the actual exam by taking the online Microsoft Official Practice Test powered by MeasureUp.
AZ-900 Free Practice Assessment
Are you preparing for the AZ-900 certification exam? Microsoft just announced Practice Assessments on Microsoft Learn, the newest free exam preparation resource that allows you to assess your knowledge and fill knowledge gaps so that you are better prepared the take the AZ-900 certification exam.
The following assessment provides you with an overview of the style, wording, and difficulty of the questions you’re likely to experience on the exam. Through this assessment, you’re able to assess your readiness, determine where additional preparation is needed, and fill knowledge gaps bringing you one step closer to the likelihood of passing your AZ-900 exam.
> Take now the Exam AZ-900: Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Practice Assessment (50 questions).
Prepare for your certification exam by assessing your knowledge through Practice Assessments, which are free and can be attempted multiple times. These assessments are created and regularly updated by the same team that develops the official certification exams.
You can access practice assessments on Microsoft Learn by signing in or creating an account. The score report for each question includes the answer, rationale, and links to additional information.
By passing the AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals, you will earn the Microsoft Certified Azure Fundamentals certification. This certification does not expire.
If you are planning to take this exam… I wish you all the best and Happy Studying!!!
Thank you for reading my blog.
If you have any questions or feedback, please leave a comment.