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How to Recover Data on ReFS Volume Between Different Windows Server Builds? #ReFS #HyperV

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Updated 28/06/2020: [ReFS v1 volumes which are created under Windows Server 2012/R2, can be mounted on Windows Server 2016 and 2019. ReFS is backward compatible, however, that volume will not be upgraded to ReFS v3 when you mount it on Windows Server 2016 and 2019].

In this article, we will show you how to recover data on ReFS volume between different Windows Server versions.


Microsoft introduced the Resilient File System (ReFS) with Windows Server 2012. ReFS is designed to increase integrity, scalability, and Proactive Error Correction. In Windows Server 2012, ReFS was not much used because it was lacking some features compared to NTFS (No Disk Quotas, no compression, no EFS, and so on).

However, in Windows Server 2016, Microsoft is investing more and more in ReFS, one of the coolest features of ReFS is accelerated VHDX operations.

ReFS provides the file system in which the Hyper-V VM files are stored. ReFS is a premier file system for virtualized deployments and includes optimizations for Storage Spaces such as error detection, automatic correction, and protection against data corruption, so when a Cluster Shared Volume is formatted by using ReFS, you’ll no longer be warned to run a CHKDSK on CSV. In addition, ReFS provides accelerations for VHD(X) operations such as fixed VHD(X) creation, dynamic VHD(X) growth, and VHD(X) checkpoint merge. This is amazingly powerful stuff!

The issue

Recently, I have been upgrading my last Hyper-V host from Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 3 to Technical Preview 4.

The issue that I hit during this upgrade is, that I did not take a backup of my virtual machines/data which resides on ReFS volume.

What I ended up with is having a RAW disk that is inaccessible.


If you try to access the disk from file explorer, you will receive a nice message: You need to format the disk and lose all your data!!!


You might ask, why we cannot access ReFS volumes using different Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview versions as we used to do with NTFS?

First, the product is still in the development phase, and Microsoft is working on enhancing ReFS in each technical preview build.

Second, my fellow MVP, Didier Van Hoye discovered using fsutil that ReFS has been upgraded from version 2.0 in Windows Server 2016 TPv3 to version 3.0 in TPv4.

Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 3:


Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 4:


It’s a major upgrade done by Microsoft!

For this reason, the disk is showing RAW in Windows Server 2016 TPv4. The same will actually go for a ReFS version 3.0 on Windows Server 2016 TPv3, it’s RAW and unusable.

Recover Data on ReFS Volume

How to recuperate data in this situation, we have actually two options besides formatting the drive and losing the data.

Option 1:

Reinstall Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 3 on that host, recover the data and then upgrade again to Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 4 which is a long process.

Option 2:

The easiest and fastest way is to create Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 3 Virtual Machine on Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 4 Hyper-V host, and then pass through the Physical ReFS disk into the guest, mount the volume, and copy all your data.

The latter is my favorite option.

Step 1 – Put the Physical disk in offline mode on the host

Get-Disk -Number 1 | Set-Disk -IsOffline $true –Verbose

Step 2 – Pass-Through the offline disk into the VM

Add-VMHardDiskDrive -VMName "WS16-HVTPv3" -ControllerType SCSI –ControllerNumber 1 -ControllerLocation 0 -DiskNumber 1 -Verbose


Step 3 – Connect to the VM, mount the volume and access your data




ReFS is a promising technology and will be the primary file system supported by Microsoft for Storage Spaces Direct (Azure Stack HCI).

As for now, please do not use ReFS in production. Play with it, but not in production.

So be careful when moving between different Technical Preview builds. Keep that in mind when upgrading.

Hope this helps.


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About the Author
Charbel Nemnom
Charbel Nemnom is a Senior Cloud Architect with 21+ years of IT experience. As a Swiss Certified Information Security Manager (ISM), CCSP, CISM, Microsoft MVP, and MCT, he excels in optimizing mission-critical enterprise systems. His extensive practical knowledge spans complex system design, network architecture, business continuity, and cloud security, establishing him as an authoritative and trustworthy expert in the field. Charbel frequently writes about Cloud, Cybersecurity, and IT Certifications.

StarWind News 14th January 2016 @starwindsan

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2 thoughts on “How to Recover Data on ReFS Volume Between Different Windows Server Builds? #ReFS #HyperV”

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  1. Does this mean Windows 2012 R2 ReFS volumes will have issues when upgrading to Windows 2016 when it is released?

  2. Hello Jensen,

    Yes, ReFS volumes on Windows Server 2012 R2 are not compatible with Windows Server 2016.
    In Windows 2016, Microsoft updated ReFS. This updated version provides many new capabilities such as “Data Integrity”, “Resiliency and Availability” and “Speed and Efficiency”.


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